How Does Local or Long-Haul Truck Driving Affect My Pay?

 How Much Do Long-Haul Drivers Make?

Long-haul truck driving means taking the freight wherever it needs to go, even if that trip takes you from the East Coast of the United States all the way to the West Coast. These drivers are also known as over-the-road, or OTR, drivers.

The Average Salary

The most common long-haul truck driver is the solo trucker. Typically, these drivers can earn between $35,000 and $45,000 in their first year.

After the first year, you can use your experience to get better-paying routes and more desirable freight.

With a year or two under the belt, long-haul truck driving can earn you an average salary between $45,000 to $65,000.

Team Drivers

Many long-haul/OTR drivers choose to work as a team to tackle the long distance drive. These truckers can keep the truck moving at all times, run up their miles, and earn a higher wage.

Team drivers earn a combined salary ranging from $100,000 to $150,000 on average. The two drivers then split the pay.

For those salaries, it’s important to know how much time you’re putting in. Every 14-hour shift of long-haul truck driving typically includes 11 driving hours and 3 hours of loading or unloading cargo.

The Truck Driver Schedule

Truck drivers must adhere to the strict Hours of Service (HOS) regulations. Within a week, you may not work more than 60 hours. During an eight-day period, the 60-hour work week increases to 70 hours.

Long winding road through America
Salary must be balanced with home time.

After either a seven or eight-day stretch, drivers are required to take off for 34-hours before starting the next cycle. This is your reset.

Trucking companies decide whether they want drivers to work 60 or 70-hour weeks, usually choosing the latter.

Long-haul drivers work long hours, and they leave home for approximately three weeks at a time. These truckers work hard and make good money as a result.

Long-haul truck driving usually offers a variety of bonuses for staying safe, saving fuel, and passing DOT inspections. These perks also increase your take-home pay. The only catch is that you have to be comfortable with the lifestyle of a long-haul truck driver.

How Much Do Local Drivers Make?

Local truck drivers transport freight within a short distance of their hometown or home terminal. The biggest perk of driving local is that you get to return home every night.

Because local jobs allow drivers to return home to sleep in their own beds, these positions are highly competitive. Trucking companies only offer local routes to drivers with long-haul experience. After a 2-3 years of long-haul truck driving, or OTR, you have a much better chance of landing a local gig.

The Average Salary

These rare local truck driving positions offer drivers an hourly wage that ranges between $8.67 per hour and $28.10 per hour.

Truck in busy city streets
Local truckers deal with local traffic.

Local drivers average about $42,000 a year, which is actually less than over-the-road. These jobs typically don’t get the same opportunities for bonuses as long-haul.

The Job and Schedule

Despite the increased home time, local drivers work in a position with higher stakes and lower salary. Local drivers must fluidly maneuver large vehicles through city streets and very small spaces every day.

Greater traffic means greater potential for a accident, which makes local driving a dangerous job with less pay than OTR.

The average day for a local driver consists of 14 driving hours and 10-hours of rest. Subject to the same rules as long-haul drivers, local drivers can’t work more than 70 hours in an eight-day period.

The highest-paid local drivers typically work inside the “Northeast Corridor” between Washington D.C. And Boston.

Conclusion

Based on this information, you can see the salary differences between long-haul and local truck drivers. Long-haul drivers get paid more due to their time away from home and the profitable bonus opportunities. In comparison, local drivers have fewer monetary perks, are paid by the hour, but get more time at home.

New truck drivers that can go the long-haul distance are the most in demand. Trucking companies want these drivers, and they’re willing to pay to hire them. And with a couple years experience, many of those drivers eventually decide to apply for local positions to get more home time.

 

 

About The Authors
Contributor: Jessica Cottner (Experienced writer with a background in travel and transportation).

Expert Review: William Mason (Current CDL Instructor and former truck driver with 20+ years of experience), Luke Nold (Experienced truck driver for 5+ years and published writer for Fleet Magazine).

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